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Episodes 2023; 46(1): 101-115

Published online March 1, 2023


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Geoheritage and immersive technologies: bibliometric analysis and literature review

Mauricio Hincapie1*, Lina Marcela Cifuentes2, Alejandro Valencia-Arias3, Jefferson Quiroz-Fabra4

1 Corporacion Universitaria Americana Medellin, Antioquia Colombia
2 Geological Engineer, Young Researcher, Corporacion Universitaria Americana
3 Doctor in Engineering, Industry and Organizations and Organizations, Research Professor, Instituto Tecnologico Metropolitano
4 Chemical engineer, Young Researcher, Instituto Tecnologico Metropolitano

Correspondence to:E-mail: docenteinvestigadoramed@americana.edu.co

Received: September 20, 2021; Revised: April 26, 2022; Accepted: April 26, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The use of immersive technologies to promote geoheritage is an increasingly common practice that has resulted from digital development and the need to find new ways to disseminate, promote, and conserve geological assets. This paper sheds light on the evolution of this field and future research directions based on a bibliometric analysis and a literature review. A total of 167 documents published between 2004 and 2020 were retrieved from the Scopus database using a search equation. Different indicators of quantity, quality, and structure of the documents were evaluated, and a hermeneutic analysis was conducted to delve into the topics and trends examined in the papers. The results indicate that European countries have made the greatest advances in this field; most studies are concentrated in a group of specialized journals; and the most commonly used technologies are 3D visualizations and virtual and augmented reality, which are implemented through mobile apps and web platforms. It can be concluded that immersive technologies have been increasingly used to promote geoheritage, these technologies enable users to have an immersive experience in the sites of interest by providing them with elements that cannot be easily identified in such sites because of their particular conditions.