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Episodes 2021; 44(3): 219-226

Published online September 1, 2021


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Geology, the regulated discipline and profession in Europe

Tamás Hámor1*, Mária Hámor-Vidó2, Vítor Correia3

1 Joint Research Centre, European Commission, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
2 University of Pécs, 7624, Baranya, Hungary
3 International Raw Materials Observatory, Brussels, Belgium

Correspondence to:*E-mail: tamas.hamor@ec.europa.eu

Received: November 4, 2019; Revised: August 13, 2020; Accepted: August 13, 2020

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Geological aspects and the related duties of geologists are embedded into numerous sector-specific legislation of the European Union and its legal predecessors. In a broad sense, geology-related topics make up about 10-15% of EU legal documents. The founding treaties of the European Coal and Steel Community and Euratom provide rules related mainly to the fossil fuels extractive industry. In the last decade of the twentieth century, environment, water and waste management regulatory fields entered the Community domain, along with geological issues. Energy policy, de-carbonization, raw materials policy and the circular-economy concept generated numerous new tasks for geoscientists over the last twenty years. The Professional Qualifications Directive acknowledges geology as a regulated profession, it facilitates the mobility of geologists across Member States, and, together with the codification of geoscientists’ work, drives geoscience professionalism in Europe.

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