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Episodes 2020; 43(1): 132-144

Published online March 1, 2020


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Tectonothermal evolution of the Central Indian Tectonic Zone and its implications for Proterozoic supercontinent assembly: the current status

Anupam Chattopadhyay1*, Santanu Kumar Bhowmik2, Abhinaba Roy3

1 Department of Geology, University of Delhi, India
2 Department of Geology and Geophysics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
3 Retd Scientist, formerly of the Geological Survey of India, Kolkata, India
*Corresponding Author; Email: anupamchatto@gmail.com

Correspondence to:Email: anupamchatto@gmail.com

Received: April 1, 2019; Revised: August 12, 2019; Accepted: August 12, 2019

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ) is a major E-W striking mobile belt dissecting the Indian Craton along which the northern and southern Indian cratonic blocks have joined to make the Greater Indian Landmass (GIL). CITZ has a long evolutionary history spanning over 1000 Myrs (2.1-0.9 Ga), overlapping with the assembly and dispersal of two supercontinents – Columbia and Rodinia. Despite a lot of recent work carried out on the CITZ, several outstanding issues remain, especially on the nature and timing of different orogenic events identified in the southern part of this mobile belt. The present contribution attempts to summarize the major petrological, structural and geochronological studies carried out in the CITZ and reappraise the tectonic models in the context of the current database. It is surmised that, while the northern part of CITZ records Paleoproterozoic (ca. 1.8 Ga) orogenic events, the southern part is dominated by a late Palaeoproterozoic-early Mesoproterozoic (ca.1.6-1.5 Ga) collision, followed by crustal extension, and finally a late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic (ca. 1.04-0.93 Ga) collision that led to the final stitching of the North and South Indian cratonic blocks. Tectonic evolution of the CITZ is discussed in the context of the Proterozoic supercontinent cycle.