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Episodes 2023; 46(3): 439-450

Published online September 1, 2023


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Provenance of Late Triassic–Early Jurassic forearc basin in southern Tibet and its tectonic significance

Nan Li1, Wenguang Yang1*, Lidong Zhu1, Long Xie1, Yao Zhong2, Yu Zhou1, Yuanjun Mai1, Hongliang Zhang3

1 Institute of Sedimentary Geology, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
2 Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
3 Chongqing Key Laboratory of Exogenic Mineralization and Mine Environment, Chongqing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chongqing 400042, China

Correspondence to:*E-mail: yangwg1018@gmail.com

Received: August 17, 2022; Revised: October 31, 2022; Accepted: October 31, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The Late Triassic–Early Jurassic tectonic setting that produced arc magmatism in the southern Gangdese region and the timing of the initial Yarlung Zangbo Ocean subduction remain controversial. Arc-related basin records can provide sedimentological constraints on these controversial events. In this study, the sedimentary tectonic setting of the Liuqiong Formation and the tectonic evolution of the Yarlung Zangbo Ocean in the southern Gangdese were investigated using detrital zircon U–Pb chronology and Hf isotope data. The Liuqiong Formation mainly comprises intercalated clastic and volcanic rocks, locally developed limestone blocks, and is characterized by deepwater gravity flow deposits. The detrital zircon U–Pb ages were concentrated at 202–249 Ma, with highly positive εHf(t) values (+10.3–+14.4). Provenance analyses indicate that the sedimentary detritus in the Liuqiong Formation was sourced from Late Triassic–Early Jurassic arc magmatic rocks in the southern Gangdese region. Based on comprehensive investigations of the regional geology, the Late Triassic–Early Jurassic Liuqiong Formation was deposited in a forearc basin setting, and contains a basin record of the northward subduction and southward accretion of the Yarlung Zangbo Ocean.

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