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Episodes 2019; 42(3): 235-244

Published online September 1, 2019


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Developing a geologic 3D panoramic virtual geological field trip for Mudeung UNESCO global geopark, South Korea

Hee-Soo Kim, Chungwan Lim*

Department of Earth Science, Kongju National University, 56 Kongju-Daehak-Ro, Kongju, Chungnam 314-701, Korea; *Corresponding author, E-mail: tephra@kongju.ac.kr

Correspondence to:E-mail: tephra@kongju.ac.kr

Received: May 13, 2019; Revised: July 31, 2019; Accepted: July 31, 2019

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We tested a new method for creating virtual geological field trips by using 3D panoramic virtual reality (PVR) techniques to develop a program exploring Mudeung UNESCO Global Geopark, South Korea. The geological features of the Mesozoic Cretaceous rocks include dinosaur footprints of the Jangdong Formation, beautiful Hwasun Cliff, Mudeung Tuff and quartz granite. The Mt. Mudeung is a progressive model of the Mesozoic igneous activity and is an excellent geological study area. This paper provide information on the development, organization, content, interactive controls, and other key aspects of the geological filed trips and landscapes. The 360°x 180° model can be accessed via PCs or smartphones and be freely rotated and zoomed. This method allows rapid virtual exploration of the area’s geological features, allowing students to explore the local strata and other information. It also assists student learning by providing enlarged interactive images, pop-up windows with additional information, and expert explanations of important observational points. Programs of this type can be used as remote learning materials that address common problems with physical geological field trips like cost, safety, and distance to enhance earth science at many levels.