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Episodes 2022; 45(1): 101-108

Published online March 1, 2022


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Sustainable development of coastal cities through control of land subsidence: activities of IGCP Project 663 in Jakarta

Xuexin Yan1,2, Yan Xu1,2*, Tianliang Yang1,2*, Luigi Tosi3, Esther Stouthamer4, Philip Minderhoud4,5,6, Pietro Teatini5, Henk Kooi6, Heri Andreas7, Dhota Pradipta7, Sandra Donnici3, Roberta Bonì8

1 Shanghai Institute of Geological Survey, Shanghai 200072, China
2 Key Laboratory of Land Subsidence Monitoring and Prevention, Ministry of Natural Resources, Shanghai 200072, China
3 Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, National Research Council, Via G. Gradenigo, 6, 35131 Padova, Italy
4 Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Princetonlaan 8A, 3508 CB Utrecht, Netherlands
5 Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, 35131, Italy
6 Deltares Research Institute, Daltonlaan 600, 3584 BK Utrecht, Netherlands
7 Geodesy Research Division, Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
8 Earth & Environmental Sciences Department, University of Pavia, Pavia, 27100, Italy

Correspondence to:E-mail: xuyan@sigs.com.cn

Received: May 24, 2021; Revised: June 22, 2021; Accepted: June 22, 2021

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The awareness on the importance that land subsidence plays on coastal processes at the regional scale is increased over the last two decades, and it clearly appears that land subsidence can contribute primarily to the relative sea level rise affecting coastal zones. Jakarta is one of the cities mostly affected by the combination of sea-level rise and land subsidence. In this paper, the activities carried out in Jakarta under the umbrella of the IGCP Project 663 were presented, and the possible measures and best practices mitigating land subsidence for the research associates and potential stakeholders were provided, with which can serve as inspiration for authorities and communities facing land subsidence. Meanwhile, major achievements of IGCP 663 in Jakarta were summarized and introduced, including dissemination session, scientific session and field trips. Specifically, major advances on coastal subsidence studies regarding the effect of relative sea level rise, subsidence mapping, monitoring and simulation, as well as the support of policy making are highlighted and summarized.