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Episodes 2007; 30(2): 125-130

Published online June 1, 2007


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

The 21st International Geological Congress, Norden 1960

Henning Sørensen

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The 21st International Geological Congress (IGC) was held in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1960, but was organised jointly by the five Nordic countries. It attracted 2,386 geoscientists and 948 accompanying members and was up till then the largest scientific congress held in Copenhagen. It also had more members than any previous IGC. The paper presents an overview of the practical arrangements, the lecture sessions, and the excursions, and evaluates the outcome of the Congress. The meeting took place at the threshold of the formulation of the plate-tectonic concept, which, however, was hardly discernible in the Congress Proceedings. The 430 oral presentations and 407 printed papers nevertheless supplied new information in many fields of geology, examples of which are mentioned in the present paper.