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Episodes 1992; 15(2): 101-108

Published online June 1, 1992


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

150 years in the history of the Geological Survey of Canada

Christy Vodden

Geological Survey of Canada

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Created in 1842, the Geological Survey of Canada (GCS) has been the driving force behind the geological mapping of Canada's nearly 10 million km2 of land and freshwater lakes and of Canada's more than 6 million km2 of continental margin and coastal boundaries.
The GSC is one of Canada's oldest scientific agencies and is among the world's first national geological surveys. Such surveys were still uncommon when it began, although France and Britain had established theirs in the 1830s.