Journal of International Geoscience

Regular Issue Vol 40 No 1 (Mar, 2017)

Geology and the Sustainable Development Goals

DOI: 10.18814/epiiugs/2017/v40i1/017010


  • Joel C. Gill (Geology for Global Development, London, UK;)


This paper presents an overview and visualisation of the role of geology in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These internationally-agreed goals aim to erad-icate global poverty, end unsustainable consumption pat-terns, and facilitate sustained and inclusive growth, social development, and environmental protection. Through a matrix visualisation, this paper presents a synthesis that relates the 17 agreed SDGs to 11 key aspects of geology.Aspects considered are agrogeology, climate change, energy,engineering geology, geohazards, geoheritage and geotour-ism, hydrogeology and contaminant geology, mineral and rock resources, geoeducation, geological capacity building,and a miscellaneous category. The matrix demonstrates that geologists have a role in achieving all 17 of the SDGs.Three topics relating to improved engagement by geolo-gists with international development are then highlighted for discussion. These are the development of supporting skills in education, improving transnational research col-laborations, and ensuring respectful capacity building initiatives. This synthesis can help mobilise the broader geology community to engage in the SDGs, allowing those working on specific aspects of geology to consider their work in the context of sustainable development. The con-tribution that geologists can make to sustainable devel-opment is also demonstrated to other relevant disciplines,and development policy and practitioner communities.

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