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Episodes 2020; 43(1): 429-437

Published online March 1, 2020


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Cambrian of the Himalaya and the Peninsular India-Biozonation, Depositional Environments and Biogeographic Provinces

Birendra P. Singh* and O.N. Bhargava

Department of Geology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014

Correspondence to:Email: v_ruh@rediffmail.com

Received: July 9, 2019; Revised: December 10, 2019; Accepted: December 10, 2019

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In the Indian Himalaya, the Cambrian sequences are exposed in the Lesser and Tethyan Himalayan zones (LHZ and THZ). In the LHZ, the Cambrian biozonation is available at four stratigraphic intervals, i.e., at ~542- 535 Ma, ~524-513 Ma, ~516 Ma, and ~512 Ma. In the THZ, the Cambrian biozonation exists broadly at two stratigraphic intervals, i.e., ~514-505 Ma (in the Spiti region and partially in the Kashmir region) and ~505- 498 Ma (in the Zanskar region and partially in the Kashmir region). The Indian Cambrian faunal elements share Gondwanan and peri-gondwanan affinities. The depositional environments of the Cambrian sediments of THZ and LHZ show a wide array of settings.