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Episodes 2020; 43(1): 300-311

Published online March 1, 2020


Copyright © International Union of Geological Sciences.

Early Cretaceous alkaline/ultra-alkaline silicate and carbonatite magmatism in the Indian Shield – a review: implications for a possible remnant of the Greater Kerguelen Large Igneous Province

Rajesh K. Srivastava

Department of Geology, Centre of Advanced Study, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India; Email: rajeshgeolbhu@gmail.com

Correspondence to:Email: rajeshgeolbhu@gmail.com

Received: January 12, 2019; Revised: July 24, 2019; Accepted: July 24, 2019

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The early Cretaceous (ca. 118-100 Ma) alkaline/ultraalkaline silicate and carbonatite magmatism, exclusively recorded in the Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex and the Shillong Plateau-Mikir Hills in the eastern/northeastern regions of the Indian Shield, have been reviewed to understand their genetic aspects. These are thought to be associated to the Kerguelen hot spot, active in this region during ca. 118-100 Ma. The existing geochemical, geochronological and isotopic data do not support any definite emplacement order for these diverse groups of magmatic suites. It is likely that they were derived from distinct magma batches with direct or indirect involvement of the Kerguelen plume. The available data suggest their possible derivation from the depleted asthenosphere/lithosphere with negligible contribution from the Kerguelen mantle plume. It is likely that mantle plume provided additional heat necessary to melt the asthenosphere/lithosphere. These data also suggest effects of low-pressure crustal contamination, crystal accumulation and fractional crystallization, rather than mantle-derived heterogeneity. These identified magmatic events together with other known magmatic events such as southeastern Tibet, Abor volcanics, SW Australia and eastern Antarctica during ca. 140-100 Ma could be related to the Kerguelen plume and integral part of the Greater Kerguelen Large Igneous Province, and have possible impact on the breakup of East Gondwanaland.